Yezidism and Zoroastrianism: similarities and differences

2021/12/895-1638430895.jpg
Read: 951     12:30     02 Декабрь 2021    

Part-1


Since the beginning of the XXI century, there has been a growing interest in the history and religion of the Yezidi community in the world and attempts are being made to reinterpret them. The subject of this study is Yezidism and Zoroastrianism, which in modern science, depending on the ideological position of different authors, have different ideas. There have been controversies for many years that the Yezidis are Zoroastrians, others claim that the Yezidis are an independent community and these religions are not connected in any way. In fact, the history of Yezidism and Zoroastrianism is so closely interrelated that it is impossible to study Yezidism without getting acquainted with Zoroastrianism and vice versa. In order to better understand Zoroastrianism proper, its roots, its basic theological prerequisites, it is necessary to carefully study the Yezidi sacred hymns, which became the basis of the holy scripture of the Zoroastrians - Avesta, and which is largely based on the principles of the Yezidi creed. When analyzing not only Zoroastrianism, but also all the ancient Indo-Iranian religions known to the world, such as Mithraism, Zurvanism, Manichaeism, Mazdakism, Vedism and others, it is easy to notice that in their essence they are in many ways similar to Yezidism, have identical mythology, symbols and rituals, the names of some deities and mythical heroes. Just as Christianity and Islam originated in the bosom of Judaism, all these Iranian religions are closely connected with Yezidism, whose influence on these cults was fundamental.
According to Yezidism, religion originates from the day God created man and continuously exists to the present day. His scriptures say that first God created seven angels and appointed Malik Taus as the supreme angel; then, with the help of angels, He created the world - the Earth, the Firmament, the Sun and the Moon; after that, God created Adam and Eve, and from Adam's flesh He created Bin Sefar. 72 nations descended from Adam and Eve, and the Yezidi community descended from Bin Sefar; Malik Taus appointed the patron of the Yezidi community and sent down sacred hymns to the Yezidis through him. The preface to the holy book of the Yezidis "Jelva" says: "And God sent Malik Tausa into this world so that he would separate his chosen community and bring her the truth of knowledge, and free her from fear and delusion. This was done first by word of mouth, face to face, then through this book, which is called Jelva, and the reading of which is not allowed for those (people) who stand outside this community." In another holy book of the Yezidis, the "Black Book", written in the XII century, it says: "Before the appearance of Christ in this world, we had one (monotheistic) religion, which others call idolatry. Jews, Christians and Muslims have harmed our religion. Iranians too."
If you believe the Yezidi mythology, then Yezidism exists forever and is the primary source in relation not only to Zoroastrianism, but also to other world religions. According to the Yezidi version, Zoroaster was a Yezidi, and Zoroastrianism is an offshoot of Yezidism. In particular, the book of the Yezidi Sheikh Hassan, written in 1246, says: "Zerdasht was born in the country of Dasin, in the month of April on Wednesday, in the village of Drin in the southern part of Mount Maklub. He underwent the ritual of ablution in the Holy Spring of the Lalish Shrine. At first, he was engaged in improving Yezidism, but then, under the influence of a certain priest named Arjas, he changed his attitude to Yezidism and developed a new religion – Zoroastrianism based on the Yezidi holy book "Jelva". Zoroaster opposed the closed system of Yezidism, proposed to reform the religion and open access for initiation not only by birth, but also to all comers. In his opinion, this was necessary in order to increase the number of believers and strengthen the community by attracting new adherents. His idea aroused the anger of the higher clergy, who considered the Yezidis the chosen people and were supporters of the enlightenment and improvement of exclusively people born from the father and mother of the Yezidis. Zoroaster was declared a traitor to the faith and expelled from the community. Having failed in his mission among his fellow tribesmen, Zoroaster turned to other nations and was accepted as a prophet first among many foreigners, and then began to gain popularity among his former co-religionists.





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Yezidism and Zoroastrianism: similarities and differences

2021/12/895-1638430895.jpg
Read: 952     12:30     02 Декабрь 2021    

Part-1


Since the beginning of the XXI century, there has been a growing interest in the history and religion of the Yezidi community in the world and attempts are being made to reinterpret them. The subject of this study is Yezidism and Zoroastrianism, which in modern science, depending on the ideological position of different authors, have different ideas. There have been controversies for many years that the Yezidis are Zoroastrians, others claim that the Yezidis are an independent community and these religions are not connected in any way. In fact, the history of Yezidism and Zoroastrianism is so closely interrelated that it is impossible to study Yezidism without getting acquainted with Zoroastrianism and vice versa. In order to better understand Zoroastrianism proper, its roots, its basic theological prerequisites, it is necessary to carefully study the Yezidi sacred hymns, which became the basis of the holy scripture of the Zoroastrians - Avesta, and which is largely based on the principles of the Yezidi creed. When analyzing not only Zoroastrianism, but also all the ancient Indo-Iranian religions known to the world, such as Mithraism, Zurvanism, Manichaeism, Mazdakism, Vedism and others, it is easy to notice that in their essence they are in many ways similar to Yezidism, have identical mythology, symbols and rituals, the names of some deities and mythical heroes. Just as Christianity and Islam originated in the bosom of Judaism, all these Iranian religions are closely connected with Yezidism, whose influence on these cults was fundamental.
According to Yezidism, religion originates from the day God created man and continuously exists to the present day. His scriptures say that first God created seven angels and appointed Malik Taus as the supreme angel; then, with the help of angels, He created the world - the Earth, the Firmament, the Sun and the Moon; after that, God created Adam and Eve, and from Adam's flesh He created Bin Sefar. 72 nations descended from Adam and Eve, and the Yezidi community descended from Bin Sefar; Malik Taus appointed the patron of the Yezidi community and sent down sacred hymns to the Yezidis through him. The preface to the holy book of the Yezidis "Jelva" says: "And God sent Malik Tausa into this world so that he would separate his chosen community and bring her the truth of knowledge, and free her from fear and delusion. This was done first by word of mouth, face to face, then through this book, which is called Jelva, and the reading of which is not allowed for those (people) who stand outside this community." In another holy book of the Yezidis, the "Black Book", written in the XII century, it says: "Before the appearance of Christ in this world, we had one (monotheistic) religion, which others call idolatry. Jews, Christians and Muslims have harmed our religion. Iranians too."
If you believe the Yezidi mythology, then Yezidism exists forever and is the primary source in relation not only to Zoroastrianism, but also to other world religions. According to the Yezidi version, Zoroaster was a Yezidi, and Zoroastrianism is an offshoot of Yezidism. In particular, the book of the Yezidi Sheikh Hassan, written in 1246, says: "Zerdasht was born in the country of Dasin, in the month of April on Wednesday, in the village of Drin in the southern part of Mount Maklub. He underwent the ritual of ablution in the Holy Spring of the Lalish Shrine. At first, he was engaged in improving Yezidism, but then, under the influence of a certain priest named Arjas, he changed his attitude to Yezidism and developed a new religion – Zoroastrianism based on the Yezidi holy book "Jelva". Zoroaster opposed the closed system of Yezidism, proposed to reform the religion and open access for initiation not only by birth, but also to all comers. In his opinion, this was necessary in order to increase the number of believers and strengthen the community by attracting new adherents. His idea aroused the anger of the higher clergy, who considered the Yezidis the chosen people and were supporters of the enlightenment and improvement of exclusively people born from the father and mother of the Yezidis. Zoroaster was declared a traitor to the faith and expelled from the community. Having failed in his mission among his fellow tribesmen, Zoroaster turned to other nations and was accepted as a prophet first among many foreigners, and then began to gain popularity among his former co-religionists.





Tags: #yazidisinfo   #newsyazidis   #yazidishistory   #aboutyazidis   #religion