Yazidi farmers and herders are suffering heavy losses due to severe drought in Iraq

Read: 236     12:30     22 Июнь 2022    

The water shortage crisis in Iraq could affect vulnerable Yazidi families and lead to further displacement in the war-torn country, the Norwegian Refugee Council (NRC), which responds to communities at risk, has warned.

"Iraq is experiencing a water crisis caused by record low rainfall, climate change, drought ... this has a direct impact on the most vulnerable Yazidi families," Caroline Zullo, NRC policy and advocacy adviser in Iraq, said in an interview with the media.

Iraq ranks fifth in the world in terms of vulnerability to the effects of climate change, including water and food shortages.

The Refugee Council conducted a study of almost 3,000 households in seven provinces of Iraq and the Kurdistan Region to better understand how the crisis with water supply affected families in the last harvest season.

Zullo said the study showed that 37 percent of the farmers surveyed had experienced a “complete wheat crop failure.”

Last year was very dry, and farmers across the country witnessed how their crops dried up and yields fell.

The same deplorable condition of cattle breeders. According to a local Yezidi resident, most of the land where animals graze has dried up and shepherds must raise flocks of sheep into the mountains, but, unfortunately, wells have dried up there. And in the disputed territories, where cattle could have been herded earlier, conflicts arise with Arab residents.

Families have told the NRC that they are experiencing crop failures, especially wheat and barley farmers who faced severe crop losses last harvest season. With the decrease in wheat and barley production, livestock feed prices have increased, and many farmers cannot afford to feed their cattle, so their cattle either get sick or they are forced to sell it at a lower price.

In October, the World Bank warned that Iraq was running out of water with devastating consequences for its economy, highlighting the inability to manage water resources as a major disruptive factor.

Last year, low rainfall and high temperatures caused by climate change led to depletion of water supplies throughout Iraq. In the summer of 2021, dams and reservoirs were at record lows, while most of the country's agricultural land depends on irrigation.

Mlêtê Êzidî

Tags: #yazidisinfo   #newsyazidis   #aboutyazidis   #iraqyazidis