Ezidhan on old maps

2022/02/01-1644564257.jpg
Read: 1970     12:00     11 Февраль 2022    

Ezidkhan ("the house of the Yezidis") once meant "the country" in which the Yezidis lived. These were the territories of the settlement of the Yezidis, which are now part of modern Iraq, Turkey, Syria and Iran.

This term was mentioned as a toponym of Yezidi settlements by Kurds, Turks, Arabs and even European travelers.

The most famous example was the Yezidi autonomous Region of Radwan, which was located south of Siirt. Representatives of the powerful Yezidi Khalti tribe lived there, who had their own armed forces, with which they successfully defended their lands for a long time.

The European traveler Henry A. Homs in 1842 noted these territories under the term "Ezidkhan». The Prussian Field Marshal Helmut von Moltke (1800 – 1891) in the 30s of the XIX century. in his works, the river flowing here was called "Ezidkhan". In the future, this term prevailed in the geographical works of German and European cartographers.

The term was actively used in the Middle Ages. Karl Ritter wrote in 1846 that the Turks call the territory near the Radwan River Ezidkhan. The Yezidi Khalti tribe lived there. The Kurdish historian Mela Mahmoud Bayezidi also described "the Ezidkhan tribes around Mosul and Shangal."

From European travelers and scientists, maps with the designation of places of compact residence of Yezidis with the term "Ezidkhan" have also reached us.

The autonomy of Ezdikhan has also been preserved to this day — the territory of the Yezidis, located in northern Iraq on a total area of 15 thousand square kilometers - the districts of Ain Sifni, Sinjar and Sheikhan in the governorate of Mosul.

In Sheikhan there is also the main shrine of the Yezidis — Lalesh (in the XII century. Sheh Adi returned the temple to its original owners without bloodshed, before that it was captured by Assyrian monks, who were patronized by Muslim rulers). Estimates of the number of Yezidis in Iraq range from 700,000 to 600,000 million, according to the results of the 2012 census, more than 3 million Yezidis live in the world.

The newspaper of the National Union of Yezidis "Ezdihana" says: «Nationality - Yezidi, language - Yezidi, religion - Sharfadin." Back in the 11th century, the Yezidis had their own alphabet consisting of 33 letters and there were 2 Yezidi holy books "Matuba Rash" and "Kteva Jumle", which were written by Sheh Adi and Sheh Isni. Currently, this old alphabet is not used.

Source: ezidipress






Tags: #yezidis   #history   #culture  



Ezidhan on old maps

2022/02/01-1644564257.jpg
Read: 1971     12:00     11 Февраль 2022    

Ezidkhan ("the house of the Yezidis") once meant "the country" in which the Yezidis lived. These were the territories of the settlement of the Yezidis, which are now part of modern Iraq, Turkey, Syria and Iran.

This term was mentioned as a toponym of Yezidi settlements by Kurds, Turks, Arabs and even European travelers.

The most famous example was the Yezidi autonomous Region of Radwan, which was located south of Siirt. Representatives of the powerful Yezidi Khalti tribe lived there, who had their own armed forces, with which they successfully defended their lands for a long time.

The European traveler Henry A. Homs in 1842 noted these territories under the term "Ezidkhan». The Prussian Field Marshal Helmut von Moltke (1800 – 1891) in the 30s of the XIX century. in his works, the river flowing here was called "Ezidkhan". In the future, this term prevailed in the geographical works of German and European cartographers.

The term was actively used in the Middle Ages. Karl Ritter wrote in 1846 that the Turks call the territory near the Radwan River Ezidkhan. The Yezidi Khalti tribe lived there. The Kurdish historian Mela Mahmoud Bayezidi also described "the Ezidkhan tribes around Mosul and Shangal."

From European travelers and scientists, maps with the designation of places of compact residence of Yezidis with the term "Ezidkhan" have also reached us.

The autonomy of Ezdikhan has also been preserved to this day — the territory of the Yezidis, located in northern Iraq on a total area of 15 thousand square kilometers - the districts of Ain Sifni, Sinjar and Sheikhan in the governorate of Mosul.

In Sheikhan there is also the main shrine of the Yezidis — Lalesh (in the XII century. Sheh Adi returned the temple to its original owners without bloodshed, before that it was captured by Assyrian monks, who were patronized by Muslim rulers). Estimates of the number of Yezidis in Iraq range from 700,000 to 600,000 million, according to the results of the 2012 census, more than 3 million Yezidis live in the world.

The newspaper of the National Union of Yezidis "Ezdihana" says: «Nationality - Yezidi, language - Yezidi, religion - Sharfadin." Back in the 11th century, the Yezidis had their own alphabet consisting of 33 letters and there were 2 Yezidi holy books "Matuba Rash" and "Kteva Jumle", which were written by Sheh Adi and Sheh Isni. Currently, this old alphabet is not used.

Source: ezidipress






Tags: #yezidis   #history   #culture